اخر عدد | الحوار المتمدن

12 آب، 2007

قراءات مختارة - What is Enlightenment?

معذرة لهذه الإستراحة الصغيرة مع "نص" من القرن الثامن عشر للفيلسوف امانيويل كانت: ما هو التنوير؟

IMMANUEL KANT

An Answer to the Question:
What is Enlightenment? (1784)

Enlightenment is man's emergence from his self-imposed immaturity. Immaturity is the inability to use one's understanding without guidance from another. This immaturity is self-imposed when its cause lies not in lack of understanding, but in lack of resolve and courage to use it without guidance from another. Sapere Aude! [dare to know] "Have courage to use your own understanding!"--that is the motto of enlightenment.

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